Glossary

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GLOSSARY INDEX

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B(296)
ABBREVIATION
DEFINITION
  • B OR BM 
    Beam 
  • B TO B 
    Both to blame (collision clause) 
  • B.D.S. 
    Brokers daily statement 
  • B.H.(range) 
    Range of ports between and including Bordeaux & Hamburg 
  • B.O. 
    Broker's Order or Buyer's Option 
  • B.P. 
    Between Perpendiculars or Boiling Point 
  • B.S. & W. 
    Bottom (or base) sediment and water 
  • B/D 
    Below Deck 
  • B/D 
    Bar draught or Banker's draft or Barrels per day 
  • B/E 
    Break Even 
  • B/E 
    Bill of Exchange or Bill of Entry 
  • B/E or BENDS 
    Both ends 
  • B/F 
    Brought forward 
  • B/G 
    Bank Guarantee 
  • B/H 
    Bill of health 
  • B/H 
    Bordeaux/Hamburg range of ports or Barrels per hour 
  • B/L 
    Bale 
  • B/N 
    Booking note 
  • B/O 
    Bulk/oil carrier 
  • B/P 
    Bill payable or Brake power 
  • B/R 
    Bordeaux/Rouen or Bill Receivable 
  • B/S 
    Bill of Sale or Bill of Store or Boiler Survey 
  • B4 
    Before 
  • BA 
    British Admiralty or Buenos Aires or Bale (cap. of vessel) or Breathing apparatus or Bunker Surcharge 
  • BA/BB 
    Buenos Aires/Bahia Blanca Range 
  • BACAT 
    Barge aboard catamaran 
  • Back and Fill 
    A technique of tacking when the tide is with the ship but the wind is against it. 
  • Backhaul 
    A tanker's revenue-producing return voyage. Some ships shuttle between two tankers ports. They travel in one direction as dictated by normal oil flow patterns or refining system's needs. Often, they have no natural employment from when they discharge to t
  • BACTAP 
    But As Close To As Possible 
  • BAF 
    Bunker Adjustment Factor 
  • Baking or Frying Fats (Shortening) 
    Baking or frying fats are products which meet all of the following conditions - a. manufactured from vegetable oils, meat fats or marine oils, singly or in combination; b. deodorised or hydrogenated and deodorised; c. containing a significant amount of gl
  • BAL 
    Balance 
  • Bale Capacity 
    Bale Capacity -cargo ship space 
  • Ballast 
    Water taken aboard a vessel to increase its draft, steady its motion, correct its trim, or otherwise make it more seaworthy when sailing without cargo. The trade uses this word to describe repositioning voyages or empty backhauls forced on ship. Hence, ph
  • Ballast Bonus 
    Special payment above the Chartering price when the ship has to sail a long way on ballast to reach the loading port. 
  • Balloon Freight 
    Light, bulky articles. 
  • BALTIME 
    Time charter party 
  • Bank Guarantee 
    Guarantee issued by a bank to a carrier to be used in lieu of lost or misplaced original negotiable bill of lading. 
  • Bareboat 
    Method of chartering of the ship leaving the charterer with almost all the responsibilities of the owner. 
  • Bareboat Charter  
    Bareboat Charter Owners lease a specific ship and control its technical management and commercial operations only 
  • Barge 
    A flatbottom boat for transporting freight that is generally unpowered and towed or pushed by other craft 
  • Barge Carrier 
    A cargo vessel arranged for the carriage of purpose built barges (lighters) loaded with cargo. Typically loading is by way of a gantry crane. Also known as Lighter Aboard SHip vessels (LASH) 
  • Barge Carrier, semi submersible 
    A barge carrier which is semi submersible for the float on loading/unloading of the barges 
  • Barge Carriers 
    Ships designed to carry barges; some are fitted to act as full container- ships and can carry a varying number of barges and containers at the same time. At pres- ent this class includes two types of vessels LASH and Sea-Bee. 
  • Barge lots 
    Quantities of petroleum product accommodated in the sizes of barges in common use in a particular area. This term usually applies to small (less than cargo-size) volumes of product intended for regional distribution. On the US Gulf Coast, for instance, pe
  • BARRATRY 
    Fraudulent of Master/Crew against ship/cargo 
  • Barrel (BBL)  
    Common unit of measurement of liquids in the petroleum industry that equals 42 U.S. standard gallons or 35 imperial gallons. 
  • Base chemicals 
    A group of chemicals produced in bulk from raw materials such as oil, gas and coal. Other chemicals are derived from base chemicals 
  • Base Oils  
    See Lubricating Oils. 
  • Base Rate 
    A tariff term referring to ocean rate less accessorial charges, or simply the base tariff rate. 
  • Base stock 
    A hydrocarbon mixture which makes up much of the volume of a gasoline blend. Usually such stocks have properties not too far removed from finished fuel because the minor components have to bring the entire blend within accepted limits of gasoline quality.
  • BAT 
    Best Available Techniques. The EU Directive (96/61 EC) on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) allows local authorities to grant environmental permits to process industries, including new and existing petrochemical and chemical installations
  • BB 
    Ballast bonus or Bar bound 
  • BB 
    Back to back or Breakbulk 
  • BB 
    Bareboat or Below bridges 
  • BB 
    Bulbous bow or Bill book 
  • BB 
    Bahia Blanca 
  • BB CGO 
    Break Bulk Cargo 
  • BBB 
    Before Breaking Bulk 
  • BBCD 
    Bareboat-cum-demise 
  • BBLS 
    Barrels 
  • BC 
    Bulk Carrier or British Columbia or British Channel 
  • BCH 
    Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (IMO) 
  • BCI 
    Baltic Cape Index 
  • BCM 
    Bow to Center Manifold 
  • BCO 
    Beneficial Cargo Owner: Refers to the importer of record, who physically takes possession of cargo at destination and does not act as a third party in the movement of such goods. 
  • BCP 
    Border Crossing Point 
  • BCS 
    Because 
  • BD 
    Butadiene 
  • BD FT 
    Board foot (timber) 
  • BDI 
    Both dates (days) Included 
  • BDL 
    Bundle 
  • BDLE(/S) 
    Bundle(/s) 
  • BDR 
    Bunker Delivery Receipt: The purpose of the Bunker Delivery Receipt (BDR) is to record what has been transferred. Various factors are recorded including: - Location and time of transfer  - Details of product delivered - Temperature of product delivered -
  • BE 
    Benzene or Both ends 
  • Beam 
    The breadth of a ship at its widest point 
  • Bear Down 
    To sail downwind rapidly towards another ship or landmark. 
  • BEAUFORT 
    A measure of wind speed 
  • BECU 
    Billion ECU 
  • Beer Tanker 
    A tanker for the bulk carriage of beer 
  • BEG 
    BEGinning 
  • BEH 
    Basis empty holds 
  • Belt Line 
    A switching railroad operating within a commercial area. 
  • BENDS 
    Boths Ends 
  • Beneficial Owner 
    The registered owner of a vessel who can charter the vessel out to others 
  • Beneficiary 
    – Entity to whom money is payable. – The entity for whom a letter of credit is issued. – The seller and the drawer of a draft. 
  • BENELUX 
    Belguim, the Netherlands and Luxembourg 
  • Benzene 
    Benzene is the simplest aromatic compound, with a ring of six carbon atoms and six hydrogen atoms. It is a colorless liquid occurring naturally in fossil raw materials such as crude oil and coal, produced during processing of petroleum liquids and through
  • Benzene Ring 
    6 carbon atoms in the form of a ring structure with a hydrogen atom attached to each carbon and is the basic building block of all aromatic chemicals 
  • Berth 
    BERTH shall mean the specific place where the Vessel is to load or discharge and shall include, but not be limited to, any wharf, anchorage, offshore facility or other location used for that purpose. 
  • Berth Terms 
    Shipped under rate that includes cost from end of ship’s tackle at load port to end of ship’s tackle at discharge port. 
  • Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea 
    The devil seam was the curved seam in the deck planking closest to the side of the ship and next to the scupper gutters. If a sailor slipped on the deck, he could find himself between the devil and the deep blue sea. 
  • Bext 
    Breadth extreme 
  • Beyond 
    Used with reference to charges assessed for cargo movement past a line–haul terminating point. 
  • BFC 
    Baltimore form C (charter party) 
  • BFI 
    Baltic Freight Index 
  • BFO 
    Bunker fuel oil 
  • BGD 
    Bagged 
  • BH or BHD 
    Bulkhead 
  • BHF 
    Bulk harmless fertilizers 
  • BHP 
    Brake horse power 
  • BI 
    Both inclusive 
  • BIA 
    Best Information Available 
  • BIAC 
    Business and Industry Advisory Committee 
  • BIBO 
    Bulk in, bag out 
  • BIBO or "Bulk In, Bags Out" 
    Bulkers are equipped to bag cargo as it is unloaded. The CHL Innovator, shown in the photo, is a BIBO bulker. In one hour, this ship can unload 300 tons of bulk sugar and package it into 50 kg sacks. 
  • BIC 
    APPE Business Intelligence Committee. For more information, click here 
  • BIFA 
    British International Freight Association 
  • BIFFEX 
    Baltic International Freight Futures Exchange 
  • Bilateral 
    A contract term meaning both parties agree to provide something for the other. 
  • Bill of Exchange 
    In the United States, commonly known as a “Draft.” However, bill of exchange is the correct term. 
  • Bill of Lading (B/L) 
    A document that establishes the terms of a contract between a shipper and a transportation company. It serves as a document of title, a contract of carriage and a receipt for goods. 
  • Bill of Lading B/L BL BOL 
    Bill Of Lading: A legal document between the shipper of a particular good and the carrier detailing the type, quantity and destination of the good being carried. The bill of lading also serves as a receipt of shipment when the good is delivered to the pre
  • Bill of Lading Port of Discharge 
    Port where cargo is discharged from means of transport. 
  • Bill of Sale 
    Confirms the transfer of ownership of certain goods to another person in return for money paid or loaned. 
  • Bill to Party 
    Customer designated as party paying for services. 
  • Billed Weight 
    The weight shown in a waybill and freight bill, i.e, the invoiced weight. 
  • BIMCO 
    Baltic & International Maritime Council. From 16 to 18 February 1905, 112 distinguished gentlemen assembled in Copenhagen and formed what is today the world’s largest and most diverse private shipping organisation. BIMCO has come a long way since then an 
  • Bioaccumulation 
    General term describing a process by which chemicals are taken up by aquatic organisms directly from water as well as through exposure through other routes, such as consumption of food or sediment containing the chemicals.  
  • Bioconcentration 
    A process by which there is a net accumulation of a chemical directly from water into aquatic organisms resulting from simultaneous uptake (e.g., by gill or epithelial tissue) and elimination.  
  • Bioconcentration factor 
    A term describing the degree to which a chemical can be concentrated in the tissues of an organism in the aquatic environment as a result of exposure to water-borne chemical. At steady state during the uptake phase of a bioconcentration test, the BCF is a
  • Biodegradation 
    The transformation of a material resulting from the complex enzymatic action of microorganisms (e.g., bacteria, fungi). It usually leads to disappearance of the parent structure and to the formation of smaller chemical species, some of which are used for
  • Biofuel 
    Biofuels are gas or liquid fuel (alcohols, ethers, esters, and other chemicals) made from plant material, agricultural and forestry residues, and a large portion of municipal solid and industrial waste. Biofuels include material as diverse as wood, wood w
  • Biomagnification 
    Result of the processes of bioconcentration and bioaccumulation by which tissue concentrations of bioaccumulated chemicals increase as the chemical passes up through two or more trophic levels. The term implies an efficient transfer of chemical food to co
  • Biotechnology 
    The use of living organisms or other biological systems to develop food, drugs and other products. 
  • BISCO 
    British Iron and Steel Corporation 
  • Bitumen 
    Mineral pitch rich in asphaltenes and other complex, high-molecular-weight molecules. These mixtures of heavy hydrocarbons and resins form the base of, and impart adhesive, semi-solid consistency to asphalt cement and tar. 
  • Bitumen Tank Barge, non propelled 
    A non propelled tank barge for the carriage of bitumen/asphalt 
  • BK 
    Bank or Book or Backwardation or Bar keel 
  • BKRPT 
    Bankrupt 
  • BL 
    BaLe 
  • BLADING 
    Bill of lading or Bleeding (wing tanks) 
  • Blanket Bond 
    A bond covering a group of persons, articles or properties. 
  • Blanket Rate 
    – A rate applicable to or from a group of points. – A special rate applicable to several different articles in a single shipment. 
  • Blanket Waybill 
    A waybill covering two or more consignments of freight. 
  • BLC 
    Bank Confirmation Letter : Bank letter confirming that the account holder has certain funds available. Mostly used to verify that a buyer has sufficient funds for a given transaction. 
  • BLDG 
    Building 
  • Bleaching 
    This is a process whereby coloured pigments, impurities, trace metals, gums and oxidised materials are removed from oils and fats by adsorptive cleansing using bleaching clays and/or activated carbons. Bleaching is carried out on highly degummed oils, or
  • Bleaching Earth 
    Bleaching earths are montmorillonite clays which, in their natural state or after chemical or physical activation, have the capacity to adsorb colouring matters from oils. They are finely-crystalline silicates of aluminium and/or magnesium with variable a
  • Blender 
    someone or some organization which combines various components to produce motor gasoline. The term may accurately apply to refiners for they blend motor fuel from blendstock they produce or purchase. In many cases, however, the word designates gasoline ma
  • Blendstock 
    A component combined with other materials to produce a finished petroleum product. The term applies most frequently to motor gasoline ingredients. 
  • Blepharitis 
    Inflammation of the eyelids 
  • BLG 
    Bulk Liquids and Gases 
  • Blind Shipment 
    A B/L wherein the paying customer has contracted with the carrier that shipper or consignee infor- mation is not given. 
  • BLK 
    Bulk 
  • Block Stowage 
    Stowing cargo destined for a specific location close together to avoid unnecessary cargo movement. 
  • Blocked Trains 
    Railcars grouped in a train by destination so that segments (blocks) can be uncoupled and routed to different destinations as the train moves through various junctions. Eliminates the need to break up a train and sort individual railcars at each junction.
  • Blocking or Bracing 
    Wood or metal supports to keep shipments in place to prevent cargo shifting. See also Dunnage. 
  • BLS 
    Bales or barrels 
  • BLSEA 
    Baltic Sea 
  • BLST 
    Ballast 
  • Blt 
    Built 
  • BLY 
    Barley 
  • BM 
    (Beam) breadth moulded or Board measurement 
  • BM 
    Ship Stability: Symbol for transverse metacentric radius; distance between B and M. 
  • BMF 
    Board measurement feet = 1' x 1' x 1'' 
  • BMM 
    British Marine Mutual 
  • BO 
    Bad Order or Branch Office 
  • BO or BOFFER 
    Best Offer 
  • BOA 
    Berthing on arrival 
  • Board 
    To gain access to a vessel. 
  • Board Feet 
    The basic unit of measurement for lumber. One board foot is equal to a one–inch board, 12 inches wide and 1 foot long. Thus, a board 10 feet long, 12 inches wide, and 1 inch thick contains 10 board feet. 
  • Boat 
    A relatively small, usually open craft/vessel a small, often open vessel for traveling on waterAn inland vessel of any size. 
  • BOB 
    Bunker on Board 
  • Bobtail 
    Movement of a tractor, without trailer, over the highway. 
  • BOC 
    Bulk Oil Carrier 
  • BOD 
    Board of Directors 
  • BOD APP 
    Board of directors approval 
  • BOFFER 
    Best Offer 
  • BOFFERS 
    Best offers 
  • Bogie 
    A set of wheels built specifically as rear wheels under the container. 
  • Boiling range 
    The temperature spread between the points where a material starts and finishes evaporating. This term has an abstract usage- naphtha-range, for example. It also has a specific one, such as "naphtha with a 140-350 F range." 
  • Bollard pull 
    The thrust developed at zero ahead speed. Bollard pull is the most commonly used measure of ship-assist tugs performance which have propellers optimized for maximum thrust at close to zero speed. 
  • Bolster 
    A device fitted on a chassis or railcar to hold and secure the container. 
  • Bond 
    Linkage between atoms which holds together molecules. The basic bond involves two atoms connected by a pair of shared electrons. A double bond requires linkage by two pairs (four electrons). A triple bond puts six electrons between two atoms. 
  • Bond Port 
    Port of initial Customs entry of a vessel to any country. Also known as First Port of Call. 
  • Bonded Freight 
    Freight moving under a bond to U.S. Customs or to the Internal Revenue Service, to be delivered only under stated conditions. 
  • Bonded Warehouse 
    A warehouse authorized by Customs authorities for storage of goods on which payment of duties is deferred until the goods are removed. 
  • Booby Hatch 
    Aboard ship, a booby hatch s a sliding cover or hatch that must be pushed away to allow access or passage. 
  • Booking 
    Arrangements with a carrier for the acceptance and carriage of freight; i.e., a space reservation. 
  • Booking Number 
    Reservation number used to secure equipment and act as a control number prior to completion of a B/L. 
  • Boom defence Vessel 
    A naval vessel for laying harbour defence booms 
  • BOR 
    Bunkers on Redelivery 
  • BORD.ARB. 
    Bordeaux arbitrary 
  • BORO 
    Bulk, Oil and roll-on, roll-off vessel 
  • BOSP 
    Beginning Of Sea Passage 
  • Bottom Side Rails 
    Structural members on the longitudinal sides of the base of the container. 
  • Bottom wash 
    Crude oil washing operations restricted to the lower parts of the tank bulkheads, internal structures and bottom of tanks. This can only be carried out by vessels equipped with programmable tank washing machines. 
  • Bottom–Air Delivery 
    A type of air circulation in a temperature control container. Air is pulled by a fan from the top of the container, passed through the evaporator coil for cooling, and then forced through the space under the load and up through the cargo. This type of air
  • Bottoms 
    Unvaporized material drawn from the lowest point of a fractionation column. 
  • Bow 
    Forward most point of a ship. 
  • Bow Thruster 
    a device built into, or mounted to, the bow of a ship to make it more maneuverable. 
  • BOX 
    Term used for a container or boxed vessel 
  • Boxcar 
    A closed rail freight car. 
  • BP 
    Boiling Point 
  • BPA 
    Bisphenol A. An industrial chemical used to make polycarbonate plastic used for structural parts, impact-resistant glazing, street-light globes, household appliance parts, components of electrical/electronic devices, compact discs, automotive applications
  • BPA Bisphenol-A 
    (4,4'-isopropylidenediphenol) An intermediate used in the production of epoxy, polycarbonate and phenolic resins. The name was coined after the condensation reaction by which it may be formed-two (bis) molecules of phenol with one of acetone (A). (Whittin
  • BPB 
    Bank post bill 
  • BPC 
    British Phosporous Commission 
  • BPG 
    International Chamber of Shipping Bridge Procedure Guide 
  • BPI 
    Baltic Panama Index 
  • BPQ 
    Barge Particulars Questionnaire 
  • BR 
    Boiler Room 
  • BR 
    Bulgarian Register of Shipping or Brazil or Builder's risk 
  • Br.ld. 
    Break load 
  • Break Bulk 
    – To unload and distribute a portion or all of the contents of a rail car, container, trailer, or ship. – Loose, non–containerized mark and count cargo. – Packaged cargo that is not containerized. 
  • Breakwater 
    Structures designed to provide shelter from waves and improve navigation conditions. Such structures may be combined with jetties where required (EM 1110-2-2904). 
  • BREF 
    BAT Reference Documents, prepared by a European IPPC Bureau in Seville, in which BATs are defined. See BAT. 
  • Brent 
    The most commonly traded North Sea crude oil. Technically, it is a mix of crude from the UK Brent field and the Ninian field. 
  • BRGDS 
    Best Regards 
  • Bridge Point 
    An inland location where cargo is received by the ocean carrier and then moved to a coastal port for loading. 
  • Bridge Port 
    A port where cargo is received by the ocean carrier and stuffed into containers but then moved to another coastal port to be waded on a vessel. 
  • Bright annealing 
    Annealing in inert gas or vacuum to minimize oxidation of the surface 
  • BRKR or BRKRS 
    Broker(s) 
  • BRKRS 
    Brokers 
  • BRM 
    Bridge Resources Management 
  • BROB 
    Bunkers Remaining on Board 
  • Broken Stowage 
    – The loss– The loss of space caused by irregularity in the shape of packages. – Any void or empty space in a vessel or container not occupied by cargo. of space caused by irregularity in the shape of packages. 
  • Broker 
    A person who arranges for transportation of loads for a percentage of the revenue from the load. 
  • Brokerage 
    Freight forwarder/broker compensation as specified by ocean tariff or contract. 
  • Bromine number 
    A measure of the olefins content of a hydrocarbon mixture. In the petroleum intermediates trade, it serves primarily to indicate the presence of cracked stock in a cargo or stream. California air pollution laws also make it an important specification for
  • BRT 
    Brutto register tons 
  • BS 
    Broken Stowage or Balance Sheet 
  • BS/L 
    Bills of lading 
  • BSA 
    British Shipbrokers Association 
  • BSC 
    British Shippers Council 
  • BSEA 
    Black Sea 
  • BSG 
    Barge Safety Guide 
  • BSI 
    British Standards Institution 
  • BSS 
    Basis 
  • BSS 1/1 
    Basis 1 port to 1 port 
  • BST 
    British Summer Time, British Standard Time 
  • BT 
    Berth Terms or Bow Thruster 
  • BT 
    Bow Thruster room 
  • BTD 
    Butadiene 
  • BTU 
    British Thermal Unit - 0.252 kcal or Bow Thrust Unit 
  • BTX 
    Abbreviation of the aromatic hydrocarbons, benzene, toluene and xylene 
  • BTX extraction 
    A solvent recovery process for capturing benzene, toluene, and xylenes from refinery and petrochemical plant process streams (reformate and pyrolysis gasoline.) 
  • BU 
    Bushel 
  • BUA 
    Beratergrenium für Umweltrelevante Altstoffe (the German Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance) 
  • Bucket Dredger 
    A vessel equipped to obtain material from the sea bed by use of circulating buckets. The material may be carried on board, transferred to other vessels, pumped ashore or deposited elsewhere using a spray 
  • Bucket Dredger Pontoon 
    A non propelled dredger pontoon fitted with an endless chain of buckets lowered to the sea bed 
  • Bulk Aggregates Barge, non propelled 
    A non propelled barge for the carriage of bulk aggregates 
  • Bulk Barge, propelled 
    A self propelled barge with an arrangement of topside ballast tanks for the carriage of bulk dry cargo of a homogeneous nature 
  • Bulk Cargo 
    Not in packages or containers; shipped loose in the hold of a ship without mark and count.” Grain, coal and sulfur are usually bulk freight. 
  • Bulk Cargo Barge, self discharging, propelled 
    A self propelled bulk barge fitted with a conveyor belt (or similar system) and a boom which can discharge cargo alongside or to shore without the assistance of any external equipment 
  • Bulk Cargo Carrier, self discharging 
    A bulk carrier fitted with self trimming holds, a conveyor belt (or similar system) and a boom which can discharge cargo alongside or to shore without the assistance of any external equipment 
  • Bulk Cargo Carrier, self discharging, Laker 
    A Great Lakes bulk carrier fitted with a conveyor belt (or similar system) and a boom which can discharge cargo alongside or to shore without the assistance of any external equipment 
  • Bulk Carrier 
    A single deck cargo vessel with an arrangement of topside ballast tanks for the carriage of bulk dry cargo of a homogeneous nature 
  • Bulk Carrier (with Vehicle Decks) 
    A bulk carrier with movable decks for the additional carriage of new vehicles 
  • Bulk Carrier, Laker Only 
    A single deck cargo vessel with dimensions suited to the limitations of Great Lakes of North America trade, unsuitable for open sea navigation. Hatches are more numerous than standard bulk carriers, and much wider than they are long 
  • Bulk Carriers 
    Ships designed to carry dry or liquid bulk cargo. Category includes: ore/bulk/oil carriers (OBO) and other combination bulk/oil carriers. 
  • Bulk Cement Barge, non propelled 
    A non propelled barge for the carriage of bulk cement 
  • Bulk Cement Barge, propelled 
    A self propelled barge fitted with pumping arrangements for the carriage of cement in bulk. There are no weather deck hatches. May be self discharging 
  • Bulk Cement Carrier, Inland Waterways 
    A vessel designed for the bulk transport of cement cargoes. Not designed for operation in open sea 
  • Bulk Cement Storage Ship 
    A stationary storage vessel for bulk cement cargo 
  • Bulk Dry Storage Barge, non propelled 
    A non propelled storage barge for dry cargoes 
  • Bulk Dry Storage Ship 
    A stationary storage vessel for bulk dry cargo 
  • Bulk/Oil Carrier (OBO) 
    A bulk carrier arranged for the alternative (but not simultaneous) carriage of crude oil 
  • Bulk–Freight Container 
    A container with a discharge hatch in the front wall; allows bulk commodities to be carried. 
  • Bulkhead 
    similar to a seawall, it is a constructed barrier in the water 
  • Bull Rings 
    Cargo–securing devices mounted in the floor of containers; allow lashing and securing of cargo. 
  • BUNDLING 
    This is the assembly of pieces of cargo, secured into one manageable unit. This is a very flexible description, a rule of thumb is to present cargo at a size easily handled by a large (20 ton) fork lift truck 
  • Bunker Charge 
    An extra charge sometimes added to steamship freight rates; justified by higher fuel costs. Also known as Fuel Adjustment Factor or FAF. 
  • Bunkering Tanker 
    A tanker equipped to supply other vessels with bunker fuels 
  • Bunkers 
    Fuel, usually residue grades, burned by ships' main engines. The most familiar kind, called bunker C may contain a high concentration of sulfur and have a high specific gravity but must meet a viscosity specification which assures free flow at the tempera
  • Buoy 
    Floating marker, secured to bottom of the sea, which is used as a navigational aid to mariners. 
  • Buoy & Lighthouse Tender 
    A vessel equipped for buoy laying and/or maintenance and for supply of stores and personnel to lighthouses 
  • Buoy Tender 
    A vessel equipped for buoy laying and/or maintenance 
  • Buoyed Up 
    Using a buoy to raise the bight of an anchor cable to prevent it from chafing on a rough bottom. 
  • Bureau Veritas 
    A French classification society which certifies seagoing vessels for compliance to standardized rules regarding construction and maintenance. 
  • Burn 
    Refers to either a chemical or thermal burn, the former may be caused by corrosive substances and the latter by liquefied cryogenic gases, hot molten substances, or flames. 
  • Burnback 
    The distance a flame will travel from the ignition source back to the aerosol container 
  • Burning kerosene 
    Kerosene intended for use as domestic stove lamp fuel. 
  • Butadiene 
    A four-carbon olefin. More precisely, a di-olefin because the molecule has two double bonds. Synthetic rubber production consumes much of the butadiene supply. Smaller amounts find an outlet in high-strength resins manufacturing. 
  • Butadiene 
    A flammable gaseous olefin used in making synthetic rubbers. Butadiene rubber has now completely displaced natural rubber in the manufacture of automobile tires. 
  • Butane 
    Butanes are colorless, odorless, gaseous hydrocarbons. The compound in which the carbon atoms are linked in a straight chain is called normal butane, or n-butane; the branched-chain form is isobutane. Both occur in natural gas and in crude oil and are for
  • Butanol 
    An alcohol derived from butane and used as solvents and in organic synthesis. 
  • Butene 
    Butylene 
  • Butter 
    Made by churning cream, often after a refining process. Cream is an emulsion of very small fat droplets in water. Milk proteins and salts are dissolved in the water. During churning, the small fat droplets coalesce until they form a continuous fat phase,
  • Butyl acetate 
    A volatile ester used as solvents for resins, lacquers, paints, and varnishes. 
  • Butyl rubbers 
    Butyl rubbers are a type of synthetic rubber prepared by polymerization of butylenes. They are a preferred option in the manufacture of automobile tires thanks to their leak-proof qualities. 
  • Butylene 
    Also called butene, any of four isomeric compounds belonging to the series of olefinic hydrocarbons. They are formed during the cracking of petroleum to produce gasoline; they can also be prepared commercially by the catalytic dehydrogenation of butanes.
  • Butyraldehyde 
    Butyraldehyde is a clear, colorless, flammable liquid, used chiefly as an intermediate in the manufacture of resins. 
  • Buy/sell 
    A swap in which, for accounting purposes or other reasons, company A sells a parcel to company B while B sells a second parcel to A. Each party buys one and sells another. 
  • BV 
    Bureau Veritas 
  • BW 
    Brackish water 
  • BWA 
    Brackish water allowance 
  • BWAD 
    Brackish Water Arrival Draft 
  • BWDD 
    Brackish water departure draft 
  • BWSC 
    Baltic and White Sea Conference 
  • BWT 
    Bleeding wing tanks 
  • BX 
    box 
  • By and Large 
    Currently means in all cases or in any case. From the nautical: by meaning into the wind and large meaning with the wind: as in, "By and Large the ship handled very well." 
  • BZNSS 
    Business 
  • Benzene Ring 
    6 carbon atoms in the form of a ring structure with a hydrogen atom attached to each carbon and is the basic building block of all aromatic chemicals